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Overview of Digital Transformation in Education

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Reimagining Education with Digital Transformation: Trends, Challenges, and Advantages

“One child, one teacher, one pen, and one book can change the world,” says Malala Yousafzai in one of her inspiring quotes. Education possesses all of the necessary powers to drive the world. With the pandemic, the education rate has dropped drastically all around the globe, since children were not physically sent to school, resulting in a drop in literacy rate. Here is where digital gadgets, platforms, and teaching have blossomed, raising the curtain to digital pedagogy.

Following China, the United States, Spain, Italy, Germany, and France are the top 5 countries most affected by COVID-19 as per WHO reports. Talking about the USA is the most well-developed and advanced country in the world. Irrespective of all the factors, even it has witnessed a drastic decline in several areas, including the national economy, financial market, income, unemployment, service industries, manufacturing companies, educational organizations, and so on. Right in the beginning, most educational institutions remained closed, but as time passed, the future of students became a major concern. Keeping this in mind, the US government has granted permission to academic systems to start providing educational services online.

In the long run, the integration of technology into academics has driven the educational industry to the next level. In this blog, I will be discussing digital transformation, its trends, limitations, and benefits in the educational sector in the USA. Firstly, let me start with digital transformation.

What is Digital Transformation???

In recent years, the term “digital transformation” has become a buzzword. Some people define digital transformation as the incorporation of new tools and technology into business models. And some others define digital transformation as migrating their business data to cloud platforms. But how many of you are aware that digital transformation is a comprehensive process that combines digitization, digitalization, and digital transformation? Yes, digital transformation is a journey.

  • Initially, businesses have to convert their raw data such as videos, texts, images, recordings, and paperwork into digital form referred to as digitization which is the first stage.
  • After digitizing all of the business data, businesses must digitalize their day-to-day operations across all departments by leveraging automation tools in order to eliminate mundane tasks.
  • Digital transformation refers to understanding the business goals and ensuring that your employees stick to them, changing work culture, understanding customers’ & clients’ needs, capabilities, and, in fact, every fundamental of a business model by utilizing automation tools and trending technologies such as IoT, AI, Blockchain, etc.

To summarise, digital transformation is the process of incorporating modern technologies into every fundamental level of a business, such as data, workflow, the work ecosystem, and cultural practices, in order to deliver outstanding services to customers while adding value to the business.

Digital Transformation and Educational Industry

Digital transformation has drizzled its magic on many global industries irrespective of the sector such as healthcare, education, manufacturing, hospitality, finance, banking, automotive, media, entertainment, tourism, retail, fashion, and many more in the USA. As stated right at the outset, this blog will give you a complete overview of the role of digital transformation in education. Let me brief you on the trends that are incorporated into digital pedagogy.

The education industry is one of the largest income generators in the USA, accounting for more than 6% of the nation’s GDP. Since the outbreak of COVID-19, most students have shifted to online education. Both educational organizations and the government has collaborated to develop digital transformation strategies and implement the necessary modifications in order to provide students with smooth and seamless academic services. At present, most educational institutes are providing remote learning to students while other institutes are reverting to physical learning by incorporating innovative technologies into classroom teaching.

Through digital transformation, educational organizations are focused on enhancing the learning experience for students, teachers, and others involved in the learning process. Digitizing core operations through data and technology can assist educational institutions in managing admissions, online learning alternatives, customized learning, assessing students, tracking academic progress, and many other activities.

Now, let us look at the critical areas that can be digitalized in the learning system.

Admission Management System

It is a unified digital platform for managing student enrollment in schools, colleges, universities, and training institutions. Students can use this to submit required documents and track the status of their applications easily. Institutions, on the other hand, can track applicants, accept digital documents, follow up with applicants, schedule counseling sessions, determine eligibility, and complete the enrollment process digitally. Educational institutions can use AMS to streamline their admissions process and save time.

Attendance Management System

With an attendance management system, educational institutions can track, monitor, and compile students’ attendance reports online for easy access while maintaining transparency among students and parents. Educators can keep accurate attendance reports, absentee records, attendance history, and other details with a single click. Student evaluation for internal grades based on attendance becomes quite easy by checking their leaves, log-in, and log-out timings.

Assessment and Evaluation

Students can get faster access to test papers in the form of multiple choice questions, paragraph-type questions, coding simulators, typing simulators, picture-based questions, and video & audio input questions. The evaluation is carried out automatically using automation tools, and the results are shown to students immediately after the examination and reflected in their dashboards. With AI/ML online examinations have become hassle-free allowing students to check on their mistakes and maintain forthrightness.

Blended Learning

Previously, regardless of individual capabilities and learning styles, all students were taught and assessed in the same way. At present, the scenario is completely different; students are provided with individualized learning modules, resources, and assessments based on their capabilities and the nature of their learning.AI integrated into a learning system can help students learn flexibly while also making the learning process interesting through games, music, art, and other activities.

Smart classrooms

Irrespective of the class, whether online or physical class switching from traditional to digital whiteboard can help the instructors to engage the students effectively. Teaching can be made more interesting and colorful by using various colors, shapes, flowcharts, graphical organizers, and pictures. Along with verbal teaching and activities, teachers can make the session more interesting by playing audio, stories, documentaries, and videos for better understanding.

Augmented and Virtual Reality

Augmented and Virtual Reality (AR/VR) has elevated the learning experience to the next level. A kind of virtual ecosystem can be created within the class to engage the students. Various complex topics can be explained very simply by introducing audio-visual factors into education. Using VR students can experience a virtual tour of different places and take the complete joy of learning the concept. Through AR teachers can teach complex topics like the respiratory system, chemical experiments, and so on by adding virtual things into real space. This kind of learning allows students to understand and memorize the concept for a long time.

Video Conferencing and Chatbots

Most universities and colleges throughout the world provide video conferencing to students through their own college app (or) website. Students can ask the chatbot any question they want, and the robots will respond right away. In the absence of faculty, students can learn and ask subject-related questions; the bot will guide them to appropriate resources such as text, images, videos, and so on. Upon completion, the bot is capable of assessing students and providing more information depending on the results.

Trends of Digital Transformation in the Education Industry

It’s a known fact, that technology is continually evolving, and digital innovation in education is steadily expanding. Below mentioned are the most prominent digital transformation trends in the education industry.

Artificial Intelligence

It is now common to hear the terms “customization,” “personalization,” “tailor-made,” and “individualization.” AI is one such technology that is responsible for offering personalized services based on one’s needs.

  • Students have the liberty to customize their study schedule and learn whenever & wherever they like. Learning curves can be made simplified through digital resources, chatbots, visualization, stimulators, and web-based study environments.
  • Similarly, tutors can assist students and respond to their doubts around the clock. Assessments, evaluations, and grading are simplified with the use of automation tools.
Blockchain
  • Educational institutions can switch their traditional data ledgers to digital records, where they can store all the sensitive data, educational documents, certificates, academic transaction details, and payments in a centralized database over the cloud.
  • Students can have complete ownership of their personal records including credentials, certificates, awards, and academic details.
Internet of Things
  • Management has a complete view of what’s happening within the premises thanks to the integration of data from various sources such as Cameras, printers, PCs, sensors, bluetooth devices, access management systems, networks, robots, and mobile devices for ensuring safety.
  • Students can gain access to everything right from learning modules to communication channels, attendance systems to assessment & monitoring systems, along with smartboards, and so on.
Big Data
  • Facilitators can easily collect and analyze students’ data in order to track their performance. Generated insights help educators to understand students’ performance, and areas of interest & provide them with personalized learning.
  • Students can enhance their academic performance by using the given insights and approach facilitators for customized learning to help them improve in challenging courses.

Digital Transformation Challenges in the Education Industry

Legacy Learning Systems

Many educational institutions still lack adequate technological stacks and digital resources to drive learning systems, such as operating systems, smartboards, computers, wifi networks, and e-learning modules. On the other hand, institutes that provide e-learning modules and digital resources are no longer up to date. As a result, in order to bring about change, all outdated systems must be replaced with modern technologies.

Unclear Digitalization Strategy

Usually, educational institutions will never be involved while developing education digitalization strategies due to a lack of time (or) technical knowledge. This could become quite challenging after implementation because the management does not have any idea about executing the tasks using the latest technologies. Due to unclear vision, the management cannot attain the expected results (or) make any sort of changes in the system as they weren’t involved while developing the strategy.

Malfunctioning of Systems

Educational institutions hold massive datasets of their students, stakeholders, internal operations, transactions, staff members, parent details, and so on. This sensitive data must be safeguarded against cyber attacks and hackers. Systems can collapse (or) malfunction as a result of cyber security risks and technical issues. A lack of technical experts and a cyber security team can lead to loss of data, vulnerabilities, and malicious threats.

Skilled Teaching Staff

Adapting and integrating cutting-edge technologies into the educational system does not help solely. Along with transforming teaching techniques, resources, methodologies, and teaching aids educating the teaching staff can help them to use modern technologies with ease. The teaching crew gets wide exposure to technology and enhances their skill set. Along with teachers, students must be upskilled to keep up with changing trends.

Advantages of Digital Transformation in the Education Industry

Enhanced Accessibility

With the integration of technology, students can easily access resources such as audio, recorded videos, text, study materials, and many others via LMS (Learning Management System) at any time. As the data is maintained in a centralized database system, everyone has access to their own departments such as accounts, academics, study resources, assets, and so on.

Time Management

Students can avoid long-distance travel and save time by using Edtech platforms and e-learning models, allowing them to learn from the comfort of their own homes. This is quite simple; easily log into the web portal (or) provided URL and study any topic with a single click, one can even listen to the sessions multiple times.

Technical Exposure

Teachers, students, parents, and all the other people will have wide exposure to various modern technologies and execute everyday tasks with automation tools.

Rapid Performance Insights

Tutors can assess and evaluate the students through the valuable insights generated by automation tools. Tutors can now easily track students’ performance and guide them accordingly based on the analytics.

Conclusion

To summarise, in today’s world, digital transformation in the education sector can deliver a fantastic learning experience for both learners and teachers. It is also an excellent technique to enhance skills. Digital transformation can undoubtedly aid in the delivery of educational services to all individuals, regardless of geographical location, disability, or other inequities. Hope you guys found this blog quite informative. Leave your views in the comment section for any queries (or) feedback.

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